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Should You Invest in the Stock of BEL? – Research & Ranking

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The government recently made a historic announcement placing the acquisition of 101 weapon systems and platforms from foreign countries under a negative arms imports list to boost India’s domestic defence production sector under the Make in India initiative.

The weapon systems falling under this list will be progressively banned from December 2020 to December 2025 and include those products which are currently being made in India or at a developmental stage.

These 101 items, with varying embargo timelines include different types of arms and ammunition, assault rifles, sonars, radars, artillery guns, missile destroyers, transport aircraft, light attack helicopters, armoured fighting vehicles, conventional submarines and satellites for communications.

However, this outright ban on import of these 101 weapons systems does not restrict defence sector companies India from partnering with foreign companies for joint production in India in line with the government\’s decision to hike the FDI limit in defence sector from 49% to 74%.

This move is expected to give a thrust to domestic companies involved in the manufacture of arms, armaments and defence systems like L&T, BEL, BEML, Bharat Forge etc. A direct impact of this can be seen in the form of a rally in defence stocks in the last few days especially in the case of stocks of BEL and Bharat Forge.

With this many stock market investors have a similar question in mind.

Is it the right time to invest in the stock of BEL?

To help investors understand the answer, let\’s first look at the business of BEL and its role in India\’s defence sector.

BEL, a public sector undertaking was established in 1954, in association with erstwhile CSF of France for manufacturing basic communication equipment. BEL however later diversified into production of a wide range of state-of-the-art equipment in fields such as weapon systems, defence communication, radars, naval systems, telecommunications & broadcasting systems, electronic warfare equipment, tank electronics, and solar photovoltaic systems. Besides these BEL also provides turnkey system solutions.

BEL also manufactures products of civil use such as electronic voting machines, tablet PC, solar-powered traffic signal systems and access control systems.

Strengths of BEL

BEL has a strong track record in research and development right from the beginning. It has also successfully partnered with DRDO, another premier government agency for setting up production labs across the country.

Healthy order book

BEL has a robust order book with an inflow of more than fifteen thousand crores expected in the current year according to publicly available information as compared to twelve thousand crores in FY 20. Being the sole manufacturer and supplier of many key defence systems and weapons systems in the country currently, BEL enjoys a huge monopoly.

With Covid-19 pandemic on the rise over the last few months, the demand for ventilator support systems also rose across the country. Seizing this opportunity, BEL started manufacturing ventilator support systems which not only boosted India’s self-reliance in a challenging time but also significantly boosted the company’s revenues from non-defence product portfolio.

Now let’s take a look at the key financials of BEL

Equities & Liabilities

MAR 2020

MAR 2019

MAR 2018

MAR 2017

MAR 2016

Share Capital






Reserves & Surplus






Current Liabilities






Other Liabilities






Total Liabilities








Fixed Assets






Current Assets






Other Assets






Total Assets







BEL has shown consistent growth in terms net profit over the last three years.

Debt levels of BEL

Before investing in the stock of BEL or for any stock, it is very important to check the debt levels of the company. A company with zero or low debt will not only have enough cash to reward its shareholders with dividends from time but also adequate capital to fund further growth and expansion plans. On the other hand, any company which has heavy debts will have the burden to pay huge interests every month, which will affect its expansion plants significantly.

BEL is a debt-free company which is a very important attribute in fundamental investing.

BEL is a good dividend paymaster

BEL has consistently declared dividends over the last few years. For the year ending March 2020, BEL had declared a dividend of Rs 2.8 per share. In terms of the current market price of Rs 116.65, the dividend yield of BEL is 2.4%.

Recent updates

In the month of Feb 2021, BEL has inked a pact with American electric car manufacturer, Triton to make batteries. The electric car maker has announced that it has big plans for India. BEl is expected to play a significant role as batteries are one of the most crucial components of electric cars. Under the MOU, Triton will provide the know-how for making EV batteries and BEL will manufacture them.

At the Aero India 2021 show held at Bengaluru earlier this year, BEL showcased 30 products developed by the company under the Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative such as electronics for airborne missile, EW systems receivers, infrared jammers, etc.

During the event, BEL bagged a contract for procurement of Software Defined Radio Tactical (SDR-Tac) worth over ₹1,000 crores from the Ministry of Defence (MoD).

BEL has also signed an MOU with Hyderabad-based Grene Robotics to jointly develop an autonomous first-of-its-kind air defence solution known as MANPAD Data Link (ADML) system, that aims to bring together individual man-portable air-defence system operators together into a networked environment.

Bottom line – Should you invest in the stock of BEL?

While BEL has been an outperformer right from its early days and also has an assured market for its products from government’s defence purchases, one should also consider the fact that some PSU’s which earlier had a monopolistic advantage lost their sheen with time after a level playing field was introduced or due to underperformance.

One such prime example is the stock of MTNL, which after failing to bear the onslaught of private sector telecom companies is now languishing in single digits from highs of around Rs.387 levels in its glory days. Many other defence projects of other PSU\’s have been dogged by excessive budget escalations and huge delays. The best example of this is the light combat aircraft project first conceived in the 1980s to replace the ageing MIG\’s in the Indian Airforce but entered service only after four decades and is still powered by American engines.

When you look at the stock of BEL from a fundamental point of view, there are some things that tick the boxes right such as consistent dividend to shareholders and visionary management. However, before investing in the shares of BEL or any stock there are several other important factors too which an investor should keep in mind such as return on equity, future growth, profit margins, and BEL\’s underlying value and potential for future growth.

For any investor who wishes to create sustainable wealth from equities, the right way to proceed is creating a well-diversified portfolio of 15-20 stocks. That is what successful investors do. Get started with creating a winning portfolio here.


The sole objective of this article is to help investors understand whether it is worth investing in the stock of BEL at this point with a long-term view by evaluating the strengths and weakness of the stock of BEL. This article in no way should be considered as advice to invest in the stock of BEL.

This article was last updated on 25/02/21 

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